Skip to Main Content

On Parable of the Sower: On Adaptations: The Opera, The Graphic Novel


Citations and links to writings on the 2015 opera adaptation and the 2020 graphic novel adapatation.  This is, and so long as people continue to write about these two works always will be, a work in progress.

About the Opera, and the Graphic Novel

Bedirian, Radzig. 2020. “How ‘Parable of the Sower’ Became a Cautionary Opera Fit for Today’s Times.” The National, April 22, 2020.

Bendix 11/17/2017, Trish. n.d. “Toshi Reagon’s Futuristic New Opera Is Eerily Timely.” LOGO News. Accessed February 19, 2021.

Boros, Phyllis A.S. 2018. “Reagons’ ‘Parable of the Sower’ Sci-Fi Opera a Cautionary Tale.” Connecticut Post, January 31, 2018.

Bradley, Adam. 2021. “The Black Nerds Redefining the Culture.” The New York Times, March 24, 2021, sec. T Magazine.

Carpenter, Cianna B. Greaves, Stanford W. 2020. “Conjuring Octavia Butler’s Prophecy In ‘Parable Of The Sower’ Graphic Novel.” wypr.

Combs, Marianne. 2019. “‘Parable of the Sower’ Blooms into an Opera.” MPR News. April 26, 2019.

Dabbene, Peter. 2020. “Review of Parable of the Sower.” Forewordreviews.Com. January 2020.

Goodwin, Jeremy D. 2018. “A Prescient Sci-Fi ‘Parable’ Is Set to Music.” New York Times, January 2, 2018.

Gray, Arielle. 2020. “Octavia E. Butler’s ‘Parable of the Sower’ Offers Hope Through Concert Experience.” Wbur.Org. May 22, 2020.

Gulf News. 2017. “Toshi Reagon Brings ‘Parable’ to Abu Dhabi,” October 24, 2017.

Jenkins, Henry. n.d. “Episode 66: The Legacy of Octavia E. Butler with Damian E. Duffy, John Jennings, and Shelley Streeby.” Accessed February 19, 2021.

Kai, Maiysha. n.d. “Parable of the Songwriter: Toshi Reagon Explains Why an Octavia Butler-Inspired Opera Is More Relevant Than Ever.” The Root. Accessed February 19, 2021.

Lai, Paul. 2020. “‘Parable of the Sower.’” Multiversity Comics (blog). February 17, 2020.

NBCBLK. 2017. “‘All That You Touch You Change’: Musician Toshi Reagon Reimagines Octavia Butler Novel.” NBC News, May 19, 2017.

“Octavia E Butler s Parable Of The Sower Created By Toshi Reagon and Bernice Johnson Reagon Music and Lyrics By Toshi Reagon and Bernice Johnson Reagon Directed By Eric Ting.” n.d. Octavia E Butler s Parable Of The Sower At Royce Hall. Accessed February 19, 2021. 

“Octavia E. Butler’s Parable of the Sower Discussion Guide.” n.d. Accessed February 19, 2021. 

“Octavia E. Butler’s Parable of the Sower Fights Injustice with Black Music and Sci-Fi in UNC’s Memorial Hall | Triangle Arts and Entertainment.” 2017. November 17, 2017. 

“President’s Series: Octavia E. Butler’s Parables: A Music Talk with Toshi Reagon.” 2020. The Huntington. January 7, 2020.

Radel, Felecia Wellington. 2020. “Review: Climate Change Turns Apocalyptic in Graphic Novel Adaptation of ‘Parable of the Sower.’” USA TODAY. January 28, 2020.

S. H. 2017. “See Parable of the Sower.” New York 50 (26): 85–85.

Smith, Alex. 2019. “How Octavia Butler’s Prophetic Novel ‘Parable of the Sower’ Became an Opera.” Star Tribune. April 14, 2019.

Solarin, Ayoola. 2020. “A Graphic Novel Adapts Octavia Butler’s Science Fiction Classic.” Hyperallergic. April 24, 2020.

Soloski, Alexis. 2018. “Can Art Change the World? With Song, Dance and Cowboy Clichés Two Shows Offer Different Answers.” The New York Times, January 15, 2018, sec. Theater.

Spector, Nicole Audrey. 2019. “John Jennings and Damian Duffy Are Disturbing the Peace.” Publishers Weekly 266 (44): 71.

St. Catherine University. 2020. “Parable of the Sower” Integrated Learning Series at St  Catherine University.

“Toshi Reagon’s Operatic Adaptation of ‘Parable of the Sower’ – Jazz88.FM.” 2019. Morning Show.

Wakefield, Jamara. 2018. “Toshi Reagon Is Playing Out Octavia Butler’s Legacy and Creating Her Own.” Shondaland. February 26, 2018.

Wicoff, Mary. 2020. “Butler’s Sci-Fi Resonates Years after Her Death.” Commercial-News, May 12, 2020.

Williams, Deborah. 2020. “An Earth(Seed) Day Parable: Livestream an Operatic Version of Octavia E. Butler’s Parable of the Sower.” Tor.Com. April 22, 2020.

Williams, Deborah Lindsay. 2018. “Staging Octavia Butler in Abu Dhabi.” The Paris Review (blog). January 8, 2018.

Zenefski Slater, Rebecca. 2020. “Documentary Celebrates Transformational Impact of Octavia Butler’s Work at St. Kate’s | St. Catherine University.” Stkate.Edu. April 21, 2020.


Daniel J. Evans Library - MS: LIB2300 - 2700 Evergreen Parkway, NE. Olympia, WA 98501 - 360-867-6250