Week 1 and 2 Zotero stuff for Botany: Plants and People:
I. In Week 1, we got everyone set up to use either the Zotero desktop app, or Zotero in the cloud. Everyone should have a library composed of at least 2 book citations. Those using the desktop app learned how to synchronize their desktop Zotero library to their Zotero cloud space.
By the End of Class Tuesday of Week 2:
II. By the end of the Week 2 Tuesday class, make sure that you have saved at least 2 book citations and 2 article citations to your Zotero library.
IV. Everyone should have their bibliography showing up on the WordPress site2. If not, email Paul.
III. If you have gotten behind, you can follow instructions below under "Generating Your Bibliography: The Zotero Part.
Very recent changes in your zotero database may not be visible to you on the WordPress site for a while -- it is a good idea to make your final changes in Zotero, wait at least 15 minutes, and then either refresh your web page or open a new browser window and go to the WordPress site to see your bibliography. (This is the result of caching, so if Frederica has not visited your bibliography recently, she will probably see your most recent changes immediately, even if you don't)
You want to save citations to Zotero from good data sources. These include: the library catalog (but be careful with data for ebooks), WorldCat, many .gov sites, Amazon, and the public websites for scholarly platforms like JSTOR, MUSE, etc. Major newspaper and newsmagazine sites usually have good data. Bad sources for data include Google Books and Google Scholar., Also, records for ebooks in the library catalog are sometimes wonky.
If you get bad data and can't get better data from another source, you can edit every field in your Zotero citation, so you can fix up most bad data problems yourself.
Your annotation goes in the Extra field, which is nearly the last field so you have to scroll down to get to it.
This box includes the steps we are covering on Wednesday, Week 2. If you already did this in class with us, your bibliography will be displaying correctly on the WordPress site, and you can ignore everything below (it means you've already done it all!)
Chicago Manual of Style 14.39 indicates that substantive notes, even if they do not cite any sources, can be done as just another endnote, presumably in the endnote sequence. On the other hand, 14.49 says that in a "heavily documented work" it might be better to place substantive notes as footnotes on the same page. The first footnote would be indicated by an *.
The Chicago Style Manual acknowledges that some disciplines have specific conventions that distinguish separate meanings for single vs double quotes, but Chicago recommends against this approach, and considers them equal. You alternate between them when you have a quote within a quote.
CMS 14.19 says that you use the same indentation as with running text: first line tabbed in, subsequent lines justified left.
Two ways you can end up with incomplete citation data in Zotero:
If you are on a slow internet connection, some of your pages may load slowly. If you click on the Zotero connector before a page is fully loaded, you will not get complete citation data saved to Zotero.
After the page has fully loaded and you click on the Zotero connector, if you leave the page before the text in the Zotero pop-up window goes from gray to black, you will not get complete citation data into Zotero.
When you cannot identify an author (common on web pages), you have two choices.
1. Leave the author field blank. The title will become the lead in the citation, including for purposes of alphabetization.
2. Identify a 'corporate' author. Here are two examples provided by the Chicago Manual of Style:
Yale University. n.d. “About Yale: Yale Facts.” Accessed May 1, 2017. https://www.yale.edu/about-yale/yale-facts.
There doesn't seem to be a single answer to this. Here are some acceptable answers.
1) Don't. There are better sources.
2) Reference Wikipedia in the text, but don't bother with a note or a bibliographical entry (the Chicago Manual explicitly recommends this approach).. For example:
"Notably, the historian Fernand Braudel headlines an entire chapter in the Handbook of HIstorical Sociology, but, as of this writing on March 4, 2022, is not even mentioned in the Wikipedia article on "Historical Sociology."
3) If you cite Wikipedia in your Bibliography, here are three options:
Wikipedia, n.d. s.v. "Historical Sociology," accessed on March 4, 2022, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_sociology.
"Historical Sociology". In Wikipedia, accessed on March 4, 2022, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_sociology.
Wikipedia. 2022. "Historical Sociology," accessed on March 4, 2022. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_sociology.
[n.d. = "no date". s.v.="sub verbo", or "under the words"]
Scientific names in journal article titles should be italicized, but will not be by default. You can make them italicized by manually editing the article title field.
Place <i> before the term to be italicized, and </i> after. You are all set. You may not see the change in your WordPress bibliography for 5-15 minutes (and remember to refesh the page the bibliography is on).
Book titles are italicized by default, but scientific names in book titles should be un-italicized (or reverse italicized). The same tags (<i>, </i>) will accomplish this for scientific names in book titles.
Usually, only one city is listed as place of publication. But there can be two or more. I have not found a definitive answer to this, but most people who have commented on this issue agree with Frederica: pick one. Either the first listed, or the one that seems most relevant to you (geographically? I don't know). So if Zotero imports more than one place of publication, you can edit that Zotero field by deleting all but one location.
Still working on this one!
However, if we begin with the idea that a key factor in citation is that the reader could locate the same source with the information your citation provides, then it should be adequate to follow the logic and format described here: https://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/qanda/data/faq/topics/Documentation/faq0395.html
This example from CMOS doesn't say whether it is using Author-Date format, or N&B format. And the format doesn't look quite like either one. So, just do your best based on this.
However, in the case that prompted this question, the sketch artist is different than the author/editor of the book the sketch appears in. Shouldn't that artist be included in the citation? And if so, how? Don't worry about that for now. Information about the sketch artist doesn't actually help the reader find the source. You could include the name of the sketch artist in your text, however, and probably should.
In Chicago (Author-Date) style, the official Chicago Style page shows two different ways to cite issues, as you can see from these examples taken from that site:
Zotero outputs only the style shown in the LaSalle citation. However, Chicago Style prefers the other format when a month or season is available (see 15.9, and 15.47 in the print version of The Chicago Manual of Style, 17th ed). It seems likely that either is fine, in the end.