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Botany: Plants & People: Botany: Plants and People Winter 2022


This page is for students in the Winter 2022 program Botany:  Plants and People, taught by

Frederica Bowcutt.

Bibliography Format

The format for your bibliography (list of references) is that described by the Chicago Manual of Style Author-Date System.  Here are examples for books and journal articles:

Grazer, Brian, and Charles Fishman. 2015. A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life. New York: Simon & Schuster.

LaSalle, Peter. 2017. “Conundrum: A Story about Reading.” New England Review 38 (1): 95–109. Project MUSE.

Satterfield, Susan. 2016. “Livy and the Pax Deum.” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April): 165–76.

Smith, Zadie. 2016. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press.

You can find more information and examples of how to cite other types of documents on the Chicago Manual Author Date page.

However, in this program we are not using the Chicago Author-Date style for in-text citations.  Instead we are using the Chicago Notes and Bibliography style for citing while you are writing.  See box to your right for details.

Citing While Writing Format

Use the Chicago Notes and Bibliography style for citing while writing.  Instead of parenthetical in-text citations, use endnotes (or footnotes). See the sample papers linked to in the next box for the full context with a variety of examples.  Note that the specific page or pages that you are citing are included (unlike in the bibliography, where you will reference the entire work).

Here are models for your endnotes for books and journal articles:

1. Zadie Smith, Swing Time (New York: Penguin Press, 2016), 315–16.

2. Brian Grazer and Charles Fishman, A Curious Mind: The Secret to a Bigger Life (New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015), 12.

3. Susan Satterfield, “Livy and the Pax Deum,” Classical Philology 111, no. 2 (April 2016): 170.

4. Shao-Hsun Keng, Chun-Hung Lin, and Peter F. Orazem, “Expanding College Access in Taiwan, 1978–2014: Effects on Graduate Quality and Income Inequality,” Journal of Human Capital 11, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 9–10,

Shortened notes (when citing the same source a second time)

5. Smith, Swing Time, 320.

6. Grazer and Fishman, Curious Mind, 37.

7. Satterfield, “Livy,” 172–73.

8. Keng, Lin, and Orazem, “Expanding College Access,” 23.

You can find more information and examples of other types of documents on the Chicago Notes and Bibliography page.

Frederica recommends against using ibid  for repeat citations.

Sample Papers

Two sample papers that demonstrate the citation style required for the research paper in this program:

Student Paper

Frederica's "Tanoak Target" article.

Note:  There is a small difference between these two sample papers.  In Frederica's, the publishers did not use the "short title" version when citing a text for a second time -- the full citation is given each time.  You can do it either way, though the short version when citing a work a 2nd time is probably quicker and easier!

And, in fact, in Frederica's Tanoak book, the University of Washington Press used only short versions in the Notes, no long versions.

Any of those 3 approaches to Notes are ok in this program.

Both the Tanoak article and Tanoak book have many useful examples of less-common documents and how to cite them in their bibliographies.

Daniel J. Evans Library - MS: LIB2300 - 2700 Evergreen Parkway, NE. Olympia, WA 98501 - 360-867-6250