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Race & Ethnicity: The Basics: Home


Reference Works

Smithsonian National Museum of African American History & Culture



Library of Congress Classification

Ethnic Groups and Races
In U.S. History: E184
In Anthropology: GN537-GN674
In Labor: HD6050-HD6305
In Sociology: HT1501-HT1595
In Social Services: HV3176-HV3199
African Americans
In History: E 184.5-E185.98
In Education: LC2699-LC2913
Asian Americans
In History: E184
In Education: LC2630-LC2638
Immigrant Populations
In U.S. History: E184
In Social Services: HV4005-HV4013
In Education: LC3701-LC3747
Latino Americans
In History: E184
In Education: LC2667-LC2698
Native Americans
In History: E75-E99

For topics related to race and ethnicity,  it may be necessary to think about how a population has been described in the past in order to come up with a complete list of effective search terms.

Ethnicity and Race in General
- antiracism
- antisemitism
- ethnic Groups
- ethnic Relations
- ethnicity
- Islamophobia
- minorities
- people of color
- race
- race discrimination
- racial
- racism
African Americans
- Afro Americans
- African Diaspora
- Blacks
- Colored people (in works written before the 1980s)
- Negroes (in works written before the 1970s)
Asian Americans
- Chinese Americans (or other specific nationalities)
Immigrant Populations
- immigrants
- emigration or immigration
- undocumented aliens
- [nationality] and immigration
(example: Guatemalans and immigration)
Latin Americans
- Latino/as
- Hispanics
- Hispanic Americans
- Chicano/as
- Mexican Americans (or other specific nationality)
Native Americans
- American Indians
- Indians of North America
- First Nations
- Native Americans
- Cowlitz Indians (or other specific tribes)



Digital Collections

Statistical Information


US Census (Conducted every 10-years, a survey of population, housing, economic, and geographic data)


Bureau of Economic Analysis

Proquest Statistical Abstract of the U.S.

Indian Country Justice Statistics

Section of Chiho Aoshima's Rebirth of the World at Seattle Asian Art Museum
Daniel J. Evans Library - MS: LIB2300 - 2700 Evergreen Parkway, NE. Olympia, WA 98501 - 360-867-6250