"news that conveys or incorporates false, fabricated, or deliberately misleading information, or that is characterized as or accused of doing so" (Oxford English Dictionary)
"the spreading of ideas, information, or rumor for the purpose of helping or injuring an institution, a cause, or a person" OR "ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause" (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
"Relating to or denoting circumstances in which objective facts are less influential in shaping political debate or public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief" (Oxford English Dictionary)
"a false statement made with intent to deceive" (Oxford English Dictionary)
made notable by Kellyann Conway in 2017. There is no definition because this is an nonsensical oxymoron used to excuse then-Press Secretary Sean Spicer's lies.
Not everyone who creates or engages with an inaccurate, incorrect, or misleading piece of media is actively trying to trick you... but some are. We've created this guide to help you protect yourself from malicious click-baiting and clever lies designed to get you mad. There's plenty to be mad about in this world so let's make sure we're mad about things that really happened.
Tell-tale signs you're being outright lied to:
Signs they might be misleading you:
The following are a couple of books available at the Evergreen Library on the topic of understanding the history, effects of, and potential solutions to dealing with lies in the media.
Here are a list of websites you can use to verify information:
|Census Bureau Data
|Wall Street Journal's Blue Feed Red Feed
|Washington Post Fact Checker
|ABC News' FiveThirtyEight.com
|National Institute of Health's MedLinePlus.gov
|CIA's The World Factbook
And the most important resource: THE SOURCE. As in, look at the primary sources and scholarly data. What are the experts saying? What do they disagree on? Why? Evergreen gives students and patrons access to an intense number of scholarly journals and articles.